In November, 2012, The Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi announced a new constitutional decree, that divided the country as it gives him sweeping powers over the judiciary system. Before the announcement clashes were already going on around Tahrir Square, between the security forces and the protesters commemorating the victims of last year's Mohammed Mahmoud battle.The declaration of the new constitutional decree accelerated the tensions, and protests against president Morsi spread quickly all over the country. Since then heavy clashes between anti-Morsi protesters and presidential supporters, including both the Muslim Brotherhood and the Salafists, continued until the referendum date. More than a dozen people died and a thousand people were injured during the violence that erupted following the announcement of the new constitutional decree. The constitution was approved with the 63.8 percent of the votes, after the two round referendum held on 15th and 22nd December.